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大腦新科學的發展與發現

  • 商品型號:WDW121
  • 規格:全套 3 片DVD,英語發音中文字幕
  • 分類:▲醫學醫療 ▲生物科技▲生活輔導 ▲基因科學
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片名:大腦新科學的發展與發現 The Mysteries of the Brain (Ⅳ)

大腦是人體的神經中樞,它是身體所有訊息的所在之處,而且是收集及處理反應和記憶的環境。我們的所作所為、一舉一動都是由大腦所控制,像是我們理解所看到的、聽到的、愉悅感、恐懼感,亦或是辨認危險,是不需透過我們的意識輸入即發生的過程,相較於解析人類基因組,研究人類大腦如何運作比解析人類基因組更具科學挑戰。
 
The brain is the nerve center of the human body. It is the point where all information from the body and its environment is collected and processed into reactions and memories. Everything we think, say or do is controlled by the brain, as are processes that occur without our conscious input, such as understanding what we are seeing or hearing, feeling joy or fear, or recognizing danger. Researching the workings of the human brain is an even greater scientific challenge than decoding the human genome.
 
大腦新科學的發展與發現 1-人類或機器-創造人工大腦 Man or Machine: Creating an Artificial Brain
       ■大腦新科學的發展與發現 2-假記憶-大腦如何欺騙我們 False Memories: How the Brain Deceives Us
       ■大腦新科學的發展與發現 3-腦海中的幻聽 Hearing Voices in the Head

 

1. 人類或機器–創造人工大腦
 Man or Machine: Creating an Artificial Brain
 
 

近幾十年來,在認知學的研究、神經科學、和成像技術的輔助下,我們已對大腦的工作方式有了初步的認識。利用以上這些技術,我們能模擬大腦在經歷環境刺激、回憶、或者觸發動作時的反應。這些技術能讓機械或機器人獲得自我意識的能力嗎?

In recent decades cognitive research, neuroscience and imaging techniques have produced fundamental insights into the workings of the human brain. These demonstrate the processing of environmental stimuli, memories and action triggers. Can this knowledge be used to lend awareness to robots and machines?

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2. 假記憶–大腦如何欺騙我們
 False Memories: How the Brain Deceives Us
 
 

我們總以為自己能將事件的細節記得一清二楚;因此,當你知道人類有多麼容易記憶錯亂時,可能會大吃一驚。知覺、思想的形成、記憶、遺忘…這些流程平常都能順利的在腦中進行,但有時它們也會製造幾可亂真的錯覺。

We often think we can remember particular events in exact detail. This makes it all the more astonishing how frequently our memories are far off the mark. Awareness, the formation of ideas and remembering and forgetting are highly efficient processes within the brain; but sometimes they produce illusions that appear to us to be very real.

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3. 腦海中的幻聽
 Hearing Voices in the Head
 
 

幻聽總是與疾病、惱人、異常、精神分裂等關鍵字連在一起;但歷史上有許多知名人士也有幻聽的狀況。科學界對幻聽進行了深入的研究,而腦部掃描產生了令人驚訝的結果:大腦竟將幻聽也當作聽覺經驗的一部分。為何我們的意識要用這種形式跟我們對話?幻聽是否能當作某些精神疾病的指標?

People who hear internal voices are often viewed as sick, disturbed, abnormal or schizophrenic. But from a historical point of view, this is a frequently documented phenomenon with some well-known sufferers. Scientific research into the condition has yielded some surprising insights: brain scans show that those affected do actually perceive the internal voices as an auditory experience. Why does our psyche sometimes speak to us in this way? And at what point is the phenomenon an indication of some form of mental illness?

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