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國際醫療新知 (Ⅱ)

  • 商品型號:HDW208
  • 規格:全套 7 片DVD,英語發音中文字幕
  • 分類:▲套裝可單售之節目
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片名:國際醫療新知 (Ⅱ)
           TeleMed (Ⅶ)

近數十年來,醫療已取得巨大的進步。例如,光纖的發現讓醫生能夠仔細檢查胃或腸道,並確認問題部位。電腦斷層掃描能呈現3D影像,而無需使用有害的X光。重症醫學、移植醫學和基因工程如今已能夠解決過去的不治之症。但目前仍有許多未知的科學領域,例如那些在現代文明發展下而出現的疾病。
 
Huge progress has been made in medical practice over recent decades. For example, the discovery of fiber optics has made it possible to take a close look at the stomach or intestine and identify problem zones. Computer tomography creates three-dimensional images without using harmful X-rays. Intensive care medicine, transplantation medicine and genetic engineering are now making it possible to tackle diseases previously regarded as incurable. But there is still much uncharted scientific territory, for example with regard to diseases that have only emerged with our civilization.

 

♦ 睡眠障礙新療法-容易忽視的健康風險
  Sleep Disorders – An Overlooked Risk to Health
 
 

我們早就知道,恢復性睡眠對我們整體的健康有著關鍵的影響。然而,近幾十年來,醫生和神經生物學家才開始研究人在睡眠中到底發生了什麼事:我們的大腦是如何處理一天的感知?器官和肌肉是如何再生?研究顯示,糖尿病、肥胖症、抑鬱症和癌症與睡眠不足有密切相關。但許多受到影響的人認為睡眠障礙只是一種負擔,對健康不構成嚴重的威脅。

We’ve known for a long time that restorative sleep has a key influence on our general health. However, research by physicians and neurobiologists into exactly what happens during sleep only began in recent decades: How does our brain process the perceptions of the day? How do organs and muscles regenerate? Research shows that diabetes, obesity, depression and cancer can be closely linked to a lack of sleep. But many of those affected view sleep disorders as a burden rather than a serious risk to health.

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多重模式治療-減緩慢性疼痛新療法
    Multimodal Therapy – Alleviating Chronic Pain
 
 

許多慢性疼痛的病人沒有得到有效、長期的疼痛緩解,儘管醫學現在已經意識到疼痛不僅是身體對刺激物的反應,但一般治療通常都只治標而不治本,事實證明,如果把身體、心理和社會因素都列入考慮,緩解疼痛是有可能的,多重模式的治療正在取得驚人的成功。

Many patients with chronic pain are not getting effective, long-term relief. Although medical science is now aware that pain is more than just the body’s response to an irritant, it often just treats the symptoms. It is becoming increasingly evident that alleviation may be possible if physical, psychological and social factors are considered together. Therapy on several levels is yielding astonishing success.

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剖腹產術的新觀念-緊急手術或標準手術
    Caesarean – Emergency Operation or Standard Procedure
 
 

現今全球以剖腹產分娩的兒童人數是20年前的兩倍多,剖腹產特別盛行於工業化國家,許多醫生對於這種趨勢抱持了批評的態度,毫無疑問,在某些情況下,剖腹產手術是最好的選擇,但如果不是基於醫學上的需要,剖腹產對於母體和嬰兒都可能留下了不良的副作用。

Around the world today, more than twice as many children are delivered via caesarean than 20 years ago. Many doctors take a critical view of this development, which is occurring mainly in a number of industrialized nations. There is no question that, in some situations, the operation is the best option for mother and baby. But if it is not medically necessary, a c-section can have negative side-effects – not just for the mother, but also for the child.

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健忘或失智症-阿茲海默症的初期徵兆
    Forgetfulness or a Sign of Dementia – The Early Detection of Alzheimer’s
 
 

癡呆症可以影響任何人,即使是中年人,如果有特殊的遺傳傾向,他們也會生病。有沒有辦法及早發現老年癡呆症呢?治療的進展又是如何?有哪些策略可以幫助癡呆症患者度過日常的生活呢?

Dementia can affect anyone. Even middle-aged people can fall ill if they have a particular genetic disposition. Are there ways to detect Alzheimer’s disease early? How far have treatments progressed? And what strategies are in place to facilitate daily life for those affected by dementia?

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因恐懼而生的疾病-克服焦慮症
    When Fear Makes Us Ill – Overcoming Anxiety Disorders
 
 

焦慮症和恐懼發作會使人生不如死,許多苦於焦慮症和恐懼的人沒有向外尋求幫助,反而退縮了,但是現在有一系列的治療方法,可以精確地找出這種疾病的不同表現,經過研究還發現了更多的原因:除了創傷事件,遺傳因素似乎也起作用。

Anxiety disorders and panic attacks can make life unbearable. Many of those affected withdraw rather than seek help. But nowadays there’s a range of treatments available tailored precisely to the different manifestations of such disorders. Research has also found out more about the causes: as well as traumatic events, genetic factors appear to play a role.

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癌症患者的新生機-(1) 免疫新型療法
    Immunotherapy – A Ray of Hope for Cancer Patients
 
 

免疫治療是治療晚期皮膚癌、膀胱癌、肺癌或腎癌的可行方法。人體的免疫系統受到所謂的檢查點抑制劑的刺激,會更猛烈地攻擊腫瘤細胞,因此,即使被認為沒救的病人也能有活命的機會,在其他個案中,這種疾病至少能夠暫時得到控制,但並不是所有的個案都對治療有反應。

Immunotherapy is a promising treatment for patients with advanced skin, bladder, lung or kidney cancer. The body’s own immune system is stimulated with what are known as checkpoint inhibitors in such a way that it attacks tumor cells more aggressively. As a result, even patients thought to be no-hope cases are given a realistic chance of survival. In other cases, the disease is at least temporarily kept in check. But not all cases respond to the therapy.

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癌症患者的新生機-(2) 突破性新療法
    Groundbreaking Therapies – New Approaches in the Treatment of Cancer
 
 

什麼因素會導致癌細胞的出現?有關這問題的研究,為治療這種疾病的新方法找到了途徑,相較於標準的治療,這些藥物有望可以改善病情,並減少副作用。這些創新方式中包括:作為預防和治療的免疫治療,以及使用納米粒子,瞄定並破壞腫瘤組織。

What factors contribute to the emergence of cancer cells? Research into this question has paved the way for new approaches in the treatment of the disease. These promise improved recovery prospects and fewer side effects than those experienced during standard treatment. Among the innovations: immunotherapy as both prophylaxis and treatment, and the use of nanoparticles that target and destroy tumor tissue.

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